中国大学mooc基础英语写作期末考试答案

大学专科问答 lw4Le 2022-07-04 04:06:10 696次浏览 18284个评论

第一章 认识英语句子

1.1 认识简单句随堂测验

1、请给下列英语句子中划线部分的语法功能属性判定正误 I enjoy writing in English. 谓语

2、请给下列英语句子中划线部分的语法功能属性判定正误 He plays basketball twice a week. 状语

3、请给下列英语句子中划线部分的语法功能属性判定正误 Never has Billy had such a wonderful class. 主语

4、请给下列英语句子中划线部分的语法功能属性判定正误 The food smells nice. 表语

5、请给下列英语句子中划线部分的语法功能属性判定正误 The book on the desk is the present from Tom. 状语

1.2 并列句和复合句随堂测验

1、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 It rained heavily last night I did not go out for supper.

2、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 Her boyfriend broke up with her, she seemed fine with it.

3、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 Have a look you will like it.

4、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 They tried all their best, they failed anyway.

5、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 Jack will never give up, will he surrender.

6、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 He kept studying hard, he knew he would catch up.

7、请从FANBOYS (for and nor but or yet so) 中选取适当的连词填空 Hand in your assignment before Friday, you don't need to.

1.2 并列句和复合句随堂测验

1、单选题 _______ he's seventy years old, he can still carry this heavy bag on his back.
    A、So
    B、Since
    C、For
    D、Though

2、单选题 ---Do you know if he _______ our party? ---I think he will come if he ______ free tomorrow.
    A、joins; is
    B、joins; will be
    C、will join; is
    D、will join; will be

3、单选题 The kids were told _______ cross the street ________ the traffic lights turned green.
    A、not; before
    B、don’t; when
    C、not to; until
    D、not; after

4、单选题 I was late for class yesterday _______ there was something wrong with my bike.
    A、when
    B、for
    C、since
    D、because

5、单选题 ______ the day went on, the weather got worse.
    A、With
    B、Since
    C、While
    D、As

第二章 句子扩展

2.1 学写英文复杂句随堂测验

1、In the near distance wound that deep, treacherous, golden river, the Yangtse, and some of the most terrifying and sinister, as well as the most delightful and exciting moments of that child’s life, were spent beside the river.
    A、简单句
    B、并列句
    C、主从复合句
    D、并列主从复合句

2、The story is the writer’s objective and vivid narration of her extraordinary, unforgettable travel experience on a plane in praise of people’s fine deeds and the touching human relations witnessed at a critical moment.
    A、简单句
    B、并列句
    C、主从复合句
    D、并列主从复合句

3、I was in the tiny bathroom in the back of the plane when I felt the slamming jolt, and then the horrible swerve that threw me against the door.
    A、简单句
    B、并列句
    C、主从复合句
    D、并列主从复合句

4、In the bungalow were her parents, very busy, very, very busy, and when she learned her lessons in the morning quickly, they were too busy to pay much heed to her and so she wandered about a great deal, seeing and learning all sorts of things.
    A、简单句
    B、并列句
    C、主从复合句
    D、并列主从复合句

5、Apart from the telly, all I had in there was a second-hand sofa bed, a mattress in the corner of the small bedroom, and in the kitchen area a half-working refrigerator, a microwave, a kettle and a toaster.
    A、并列句
    B、并列句
    C、主从复合句
    D、并列主从复合句

2.1 学写英文复杂句随堂测验

1、I was ready to faint, but when I saw the face of the girl next to me, I pulled myself together.
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

2、She wondered very much about her own folks and where they were and how they looked and at what they played, but she did not know.
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

3、He hurried to his car and set off home, hoping he was imagining things, which he had never hoped before, because he didn’t approve of imaginations.
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

2.2 学写英文长单句随堂测验

1、请将以下成分按照恰当的顺序排列起来,构成一个意思通顺的长单句。 1. I could see 2. a ginger cat 3. in the corridor 4. curled up 5. Edging closer, 6. in the half-light, 7. on a doormat 8. outside one of the ground-floor flats 例:若顺序为123456,则可填写答案为123456

2.3 一句话写个故事随堂测验

1、以下短单句变长单句的例子用到了本节学过的哪些方法? She loved to crawl. 变为She loved to crawl along its banks upon the rocks or upon the muddy flats.
    A、增加状语
    B、对新增成分中的名词增加修饰语
    C、使用并列结构
    D、增加整句附加结构

2、以下短单句变长单句的例子用到了本节学过的哪些方法? I like ice-cream变为Both my sister and I like ice-cream, candy and chocolate but hate hot chocolate.
    A、增加并列主语
    B、增加并列宾语
    C、增加并列状语
    D、增加并列谓语

3、以下短单句变长单句的例子用到了本节学过的哪些方法? The company utilizes technology. 变为The company has long utilized robot technology, taking advantage of robot’s ability to carry out tasks too strenuous, repetitive, or dangerous for humans.
    A、增加名词的修饰语
    B、增加动词的修饰语
    C、增加整句附加结构
    D、使用并列结构

第三章 残缺句和流水句

3.1 残缺句长啥样?随堂测验

1、判断正误 Long ago was a mountain, a temple in the mountain, a monk in the temple.

2、判断正误 The birds singing in the tree. The butterflies dancing in the flowers.

3、判断正误 There are five dogs and six cats playing in the garden.

4、判断正误 Go straight down this road and you will not miss the bank.

5、判断正误 No worry about your failure. Success next time.

3.2 修残补缺小贴士随堂测验

1、选出下列句子中语法错误的选项 She enjoys sports, music and eat.
    A、She
    B、enjoys sports, music
    C、and eat
    D、没有错误

2、选出下列句子中语法错误的选项 He cares about them, thus he hopes they can live a joyful and carefree life.
    A、He cares
    B、, thus
    C、he hopes they can live
    D、没有错误

3、选出下列句子中语法错误的选项 I have three friends. Mike, Billy and Sandy.
    A、I have three friends.
    B、Mike,
    C、Billy and Sandy.
    D、没有错误

4、选出下列句子中语法错误的选项 Joan has a lot of dreams. Such as to be a singer and to travel around the world.
    A、. Such as
    B、to be a singer and
    C、to travel around the world
    D、没有错误

5、选出下列句子中语法错误的选项 We should love ourselves first, then we can love our family members.
    A、We should
    B、, then
    C、we can
    D、没有错误

3.3 行云,不要流水!随堂测验

1、判断正误 Do not rely on your team members, you should upgrade your own abilities.

2、判断正误 We ran through the fields, sat by the river to watch the sun setting.

3、判断正误 The sentences good enough, and the content is more interesting.

4、判断正误 This is China and this is our culture.

单元测验:选出下列错误句子的成因。

1、Because I love my country. I will never abandon her.
    A、主语错误
    B、逻辑错误
    C、用词错误
    D、标点错误

2、The lost cap found in the box under the bed.
    A、主语错误
    B、谓语错误
    C、修饰语错误
    D、标点错误

3、Next week coming the sports meeting.
    A、句式结构错误
    B、主被动错误
    C、谓语不完整
    D、缺少主语

4、Kate was busy preparing the dinner. When Sally was watching cartoon books.
    A、主谓一致错误
    B、主从句位置错误
    C、标点符号错误
    D、逻辑关系错误

5、Jane rushed out of the classroom, took a taxi to the airport immediately.
    A、无主句
    B、流水句
    C、连动句
    D、倒装句

第四章 修饰语

4.1 什么是修饰语?随堂测验

1、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 Only Bill wanted to go to the lake. [Intended meaning: Bill wanted to go to the lake, but no one else did.]

2、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 Bill only hinted that he would help us move. [Intended meaning: Bill hinted but did not, for example, promise that he would help us move.]

3、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 Bill wanted only Mary to win. [Intended meaning; Bill wanted Mary to win, but did not want anyone else to win.

4、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 The shopper looked only at the furniture. [Intended meaning: the shopper did not buy any furniture.]

5、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 The shopper only looked at the furniture. [Intended meaning: visited only the tie department.]

4.2 错位修饰语随堂测验

1、Which of the following sentences has a misplaced modifier?
    A、He only talks about changing his working plan. [Intended meaning: He only talks but does nothing else, like going shopping or visiting a friend, about changing his working.]
    B、A girl appeared in my dreams that sang like an angel.
    C、The book on the shelf is hers.
    D、All of the above

2、Which of the following sentences has a misplaced modifier?
    A、He kicked the ball only several meters away. [Intended meaning: He didn’t kick the ball too far, only a few meters away.]
    B、She talked too quietly.
    C、You had better express your options carefully in public.
    D、None of the above

4.2 错位修饰语随堂测验

1、请判断“just”在每个句子中所表达的意思是否正确 The instructor nodded to Ellen as she came into the classroom. (This means the instructor did not speak or extend her hand; he only nodded.) _____ The instructor just nodded to Ellen as she came into the classroom.

2、请判断“just”在每个句子中所表达的意思是否正确 The instructor nodded to Ellen as she came into the classroom. (This means the instructor did not nod to anyone except Ellen.) _____ The instructor nodded just to Ellen as she came into the classroom.

3、请判断“just”在每个句子中所表达的意思是否正确 The instructor nodded to Ellen as she came into the classroom. (This means the instructor nodded when Ellen came in.) _____ The instructor nodded to Ellen just as she came into the classroom.

4.3 悬垂修饰语随堂测验

1、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling modifier?
    A、To cultivate a hobby, interest is very important.
    B、Moving slowly, Benny stalked the rabbits.
    C、After eating the dinner, Steve went to sleep.
    D、None of the above

2、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling participial phrase?
    A、Patrick got into serious trouble missing the reading report last Friday.
    B、To complete the project on time, you will have to cooperate with your team members very efficiently.
    C、When taking a quiz, concentration is everything.
    D、None of the above

3、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling gerund phrase?
    A、On finishing your writing assignment, playing football is permitted.
    B、Wearing a helmet is a sign of a healthy awareness of death.
    C、Despite talking to her parents for several times, she failed to persuade them to support her plan.
    D、all of the above

4、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling modifier?
    A、After washing my car, I went to the library.
    B、After talking with her family doctor, she felt better about her son’s illness.
    C、She wrote to her parents to share the working experience abroad.
    D、None of the above

5、Which of the following sentences contains a dangling modifier?
    A、Having worked for the company for many years, I was surprised to learn that my welfare allowances have not been improved much.
    B、Having taught Maths for the last six years, he felt bored and wanted some changes.
    C、After swimming back from the seaside, I went to visit my grandparents.
    D、None of the above

4.4 歧义修饰语随堂测验

1、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 The teacher assigned the homework quickly, which frustrated the students. (You mean that the teacher assigned the homework quickly)

2、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 The students quickly became frustrated by the homework that the teacher assigned. (You mean that the students became frustrated quickly, maybe because the homework was difficult or very long.)

3、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 Taking some time to clearly focus on your product can make it a higher quality end product. (You mean that the reader needs to focus clearly.)

4、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 Taking some time to focus can make the product you create clearly higher quality than before. (You mean that the reader needs to focus clearly.)

5、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 What you see often you will like. (This only talks about something that you see often.)

6、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 What you see, often you will like. (This means you will often like the things you see.)

7、根据每个句子所表达的意思判断下列句子使用修饰语是否正确 The teacher said on Friday he would return our compositions. (This only means the compositions will be returned on Friday.)

单元测试:请选择正确答案。

1、Joey couldn’t drive to work in his car with a broken leg.
    A、This sentence is correct with the use of modifier.
    B、The phrase “in his car” is misplaced.
    C、The phrase “with a broken leg” is a squinting modifier.
    D、The sentence should be corrected as “With a broken leg, Joey couldn't drive to work in his car.”

2、The waitress served a sandwich to the man that was well buttered.
    A、This sentence contains a dangling modifier.
    B、This sentence contains a misplaced modifier, and it should be corrected as “The waitress served a sandwich that was well buttered to the man.”
    C、This sentence is correct.
    D、This sentence contains a squinting modifier.

3、While eating my dinner, four mosquitoes bit me.
    A、This sentence contains a dangling modifier, and the correct one should be “While I was eating my diner, four mosquitoes bit me.”
    B、This sentence contains a dangling modifier, and the correct one should be “While they are eating my diner, four mosquitoes bit me.”
    C、This sentence is correct.
    D、This sentence contains a squinting modifier.

4、After four hours of exercise, a large glass of water was what John wanted most.
    A、This sentence is correct.
    B、This sentence contains a squinting modifier.
    C、This sentence contains a dangling modifier, and the correct one should be “After practicing for four hours, what John wanted most was a glass of water.”
    D、After four hours of exercise” is a misplaced modifier in the sentence.

5、Before submitting the book reports, proofreading must be done.
    A、This sentence contains a squinting modifier.
    B、This sentence contains both a misplaced modifier and a dangling modifier.
    C、This sentence is correct.
    D、The sentence should be corrected as “Before you submit the book report, proofreading must be done.”

6、About the sentence “The girl who had been dancing gracefully entered the room.”, which of the following statement is NOT true?
    A、The sentence contains a squinting modifier “gracefully”.
    B、We can correct the sentence as “The young lady who had been gracefully dancing entered the room. ”
    C、The sentence is very clear, and there is no ambiguity.
    D、We can correct the sentence as “The young lady who had been dancing entered the room gracefully.”

第五章 平行结构

5.1 平行结构及其功能随堂测验

1、多项选择:判断下列句子中平行结构包含了哪几种类型? It drew strength from the not-so-young people who braved the bittercold and scorching heat to knock on doors of perfect strangers, and from the millions of Americans who volunteered and organized and proved that more than two centuries later a government of the people, by the people, and for the people has not perished from the Earth. This is your victory. (Barrack Obama)
    A、名词并列
    B、介词短语并列
    C、动词并列
    D、分句并列

2、多项选择:判断下列句子中平行结构包含了哪几种类型? After they had eaten, Baba Ayub would sip his tea, watching his family, picturing a day when all of his children married and gave him children of their own, when he would be proud patriarch (男性家长,族长) to an even greater brood. (And the Mountains Echoed, by Khaled Hosseini)
    A、名词并列
    B、分词结构并列
    C、分句并列
    D、整句并列

3、多项选择:判断下列句子中平行结构包含了哪几种类型? A winner cares about the world and its peoples. A winner is not isolated from the general problems of society, but is concerned, compassionate, and committed to improving the quality of life. A winner works to make the world a better place.
    A、主语并列
    B、谓语并列
    C、表语并列
    D、整句并列

5.2 平行结构之形式平行随堂测验

1、判断下列句子中的平行结构是否正确 Lorena Ochoa has been recognized not only as a champion golfer but also a humanitarian, having created a foundation to support young people in Mexico.

2、判断下列句子中的平行结构是否正确 For a variety of reasons --- to build on their technical military experience, to support their families, or perhaps to retain and become competitive in a pre-war professional career --- many veterans chose the second or third option.

3、判断下列句子中的平行结构是否正确 Driving less frequently is one way to save energy; to turn off all appliances when they are not being used is another.

4、判断下列句子中的平行结构是否正确 No matter what I weighed, I was never satisfied with the way I looked. My legs were too heavy, my shoulders too broad, my waist too big.

5.3 平行结构之语义平行随堂测验

1、从下列句子中选出一句最好的表达
    A、Every day, he labored from dawn to sundown, plowed his field, turned the soil, and tended to his pistachio (开心果) trees.
    B、Every day, he plowed his field and turned the soil, tending to his pistachio trees and laboring from dawn to sundown.
    C、Every day, he labored from dawn to sundown, plowing his field, turning the soil and tending to his pistachio trees.
    D、Every day, laboring from dawn to sundown, plowing his field, and turning the soil, he tended to his pistachio trees.

2、从下列句子中选出一句最好的表达
    A、Each person has a unique way to say, to hear, to touch, as well as tasting and thinking.
    B、Each person has a unique way of saying, hearing, touching, tasting and thinking.
    C、Each person has a unique way to say and hear, touching, tasting, and thinking.
    D、Each person has a unique way: saying, hearing, touching, tasting and thinking.

3、从下列句子中选出一句最好的表达
    A、In science fiction stories, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of humanity, often escaping the control of their human masters and doing them harm.
    B、In science fiction stories, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of humanity, often escaping being controlled by their human masters, which does them harm.
    C、In science fiction stories, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of humanity, but they often escape the control of their human masters and do them harm.
    D、In science fiction stories, robots are generally depicted as working in the service of humanity who often escape the control of their human masters, doing them harm.

第六章 英文标点符号

6.1 “万能”的逗号随堂测验

1、It is an Australian, dairy product.

2、I don’t know what has happened, and don’t know what to do next.

3、However he managed to finish the task.

4、He is five and she is seven.

5、John, for instance, believes that we will win the game.

6.2 何以为句?随堂测验

1、He said, “I will never take your offer”.

2、Stop!!!

3、Mike loves basketball (and swimming).

4、“I can.”gave me the power to move on.

5、Jenny got the first prize?

6.3 形似意异四标点随堂测验

1、I have been to three countries so far Russia, Singapore and France.
    A、分号
    B、冒号
    C、句号
    D、逗号

2、The girl drank coffee the boy drank tea.
    A、分号
    B、冒号
    C、句号
    D、逗号

3、Billy and I miss the same NBA basketball player Kobe Bryant.
    A、分号
    B、冒号
    C、句号
    D、逗号

4、The strongest in my family is the mother daughter relationship.
    A、长破折号
    B、短破折号
    C、分号
    D、连字符

5、He opened the bag and took out three things a notebook, a pen and a gun.
    A、长破折号
    B、短破折号
    C、分号
    D、连字符

第七章 格式规范

7.1 什么时候要大写随堂测验

1、请找出下列句子中需要首字母大写的单词并将正确答案填入空中。 I’ve never seen Mom so flustered. She sputtered for a couple of seconds before she was able to reply, “well, if that’s the way you want it, fine!”

2、请找出下列句子中需要首字母大写的单词并将正确答案填入空中。 Professor Chen teaches the highway traffic safety course at the college.

3、请找出下列句子中需要首字母大写的单词并将正确答案填入空中。 In the West, the highlight was the grand canyon, a wonder carved in rock by the unceasing waters of the Colorado Rive.

4、请找出下列句子中需要首字母大写的单词并将正确答案填入空中。 My favorite part of last summer’s journey was the east coast.

5、请找出下列句子中需要首字母大写的单词并将正确答案填入空中。 Just as an alarm started ringing, Cindy came out of the building shouting, “help! There’s a fire in the barn!”

6、请找出下列句子中需要首字母大写的单词并将正确答案填入空中。 Did you know that your dad invited aunt Lori to come to visit us?

7.2 名词复数的书写方式随堂测验

1、请写出下列句中划线单词的复数形式填入空中。 How many English words contain two u in a row?

2、请写出下列句中划线单词的复数形式填入空中。 “All the and and but’s here should give you a clue,” said the teacher, “that it’s a run-on sentence.”

3、请写出下列句中划线单词的复数形式填入空中。 Have you ever wondered why goose have no teeth?

4、请写出下列句中划线单词的复数形式填入空中。 Football is a game of four quarters and two half.

5、请写出下列句中划线单词的复数形式填入空中。 Two husband-wife duo will show their joint works of art.

7.3 英语中的数字书写规范随堂测验

1、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 This distance is about five trillion eight hundred seventy-eight billion miles.

2、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 A light-year is a unit of length equal to the distance that light travels in 1 year.

3、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 Many children aged six to 18 contributed aid to victims.

4、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 Three billion dollars in aid was provided by world countries.

5、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 56 percent of the fishing fleet was destroyed in coastal areas.

6、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 The tsunami created waves up to thirty meters(100 feet).

7、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 The earthquake that caused it registered nine-point-one on the Richter scale.

8、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 Initial estimates of the death toll neared 300,000 people.

9、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 It struck at seven-fifty-three a.m. local time on December 26.

10、判断下列句中划线部分数字的书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 The two-thousand-and-four tsunami was the deadliest in history.

7.4 单词拼写与缩略语随堂测验

1、请选出拼写错误的单词 My patience was tried during the breif interview.
    A、patience
    B、tried
    C、breif
    D、interview

2、请选出拼写错误的单词 The suspension bridge across the bay was a great acheivement.
    A、suspension
    B、bridge
    C、bay
    D、acheivement

3、请选出拼写错误的单词 It was Nori's beleif that she would recieve a piece of pie after dinner.
    A、beleif
    B、recieve
    C、piece
    D、pie

4、请选出拼写错误的单词 Uncle Silas's greif over the accident was percieved as extreme.
    A、greif
    B、accident
    C、percieved
    D、extreme

5、请选出拼写错误的单词 The conveneince-store casheir's conscience prevented him from being decietful.
    A、conveneince
    B、casheir's
    C、conscience
    D、decietful

7.4 单词拼写与缩略语随堂测验

1、请写出下列句中划线部分相应的正确缩写形式。 Under “time” for next week’s meeting, someone had written “to be announced.”

2、请写出下列句中划线部分相应的正确缩写形式。 Dr. Jiang spoke about the human immunodeficiency virus.

3、请写出下列句中划线部分相应的正确缩写形式。 All books have an International Standard Book Number.

4、请写出下列句中划线部分相应的正确缩写形式。 The National 4-H headquarters is in Washington.

5、请写出下列句中划线部分相应的正确缩写形式。 Find the universal product code on this digital video disc.

单元测试:请找出下列每个句子中需要首字母大写的单词

1、请找出下列每个句子中需要首字母大写的单词 uncle sam told me he would be happy to live in the mideast or the east.
    A、uncle
    B、sam
    C、mideast
    D、east

2、请找出下列每个句子中需要首字母大写的单词 the ancient greeks believed that everything in the world was made up of the four classic elements:earth,air,fire,and water.
    A、the
    B、greeks
    C、classic
    D、elements

3、请找出下列每个句子中需要首字母大写的单词 Which of the great lakes is the largest(as measured by surface area)?
    A、great
    B、lakes
    C、surface
    D、area

4、请找出下列每个句子中需要首字母大写的单词 “Is the eiffel tower located farther north than the statue of liberty?”the student asked.
    A、eiffel
    B、tower
    C、statue
    D、liberty

单元测试:判断下列句中名词复数书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。

1、判断下列句中名词复数书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 You will be carrying armsloads of clothing, electronic equipment, books, and other things you received for graduation into your new dorm rooms, apartments, and barracks.

2、判断下列句中名词复数书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 While some of you will be at home next year, many of you will be continuing your education at colleges, universitys, and trade schools;getting jobs; or joining the armed services.

3、判断下列句中名词复数书写形式是否正确,若正确请填写T,若错误请填写正确写法。 When all of you high school seniors are no longer under your mothers’ and Fathers’ rooves, your lives will be different in many ways.

第八章 遣词造句

8.1 清晰明了的用词随堂测验

1、请判断下面写作策略是否有助于撰写清晰、简洁的句子。 Use adjectives when the concept is already in your carefully chosen noun.

2、请判断下面写作策略是否有助于撰写清晰、简洁的句子。 Use small words that qualify how you feel: “a bit,” “a little,” “sort of,” and dozens more.

3、请判断下面写作策略是否有助于撰写清晰、简洁的句子。 Prune out every word that does not perform a necessary function. Strip each sentence to its cleanest components.

4、请判断下面写作策略是否有助于撰写清晰、简洁的句子。 Avoid "concept nouns" and try to "de-jargonize".

5、请判断下面写作策略是否有助于撰写清晰、简洁的句子。 Many adverbs are unnecessary. You will clutter your sentence and annoy the reader if you choose a verb that has a specific meaning and then add an adverb that carries the same meaning.

6、请判断下面写作策略是否有助于撰写清晰、简洁的句子。 Use active verbs unless there is no comfortable way to get around using a passive verb.

8.1 清晰明了的用词随堂测验

1、下面哪个表达不是陈词滥调?
    A、go viral
    B、light as a feather
    C、happy as a lark
    D、gentle as a lamb

2、下面哪个表达不是陈词滥调?
    A、follow your gut
    B、cool as cucumber
    C、white as snow
    D、sober as a judge

8.2 去繁就简的用词随堂测验

1、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 有40个学生考试及格了。 A. There are forty students passing the exam. B. Forty students have passed the exam.

2、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 建筑是和历史、文化、宗教有密切关系的。 A. As construction is concerned, it is closely related to history, culture and religion. B. Construction is closely related to history, culture and religion.

3、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 他教我怎样学英语。 A. He taught me how to learn English. B. He taught me the way by which I should learn English.

4、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 如果你读一读鲁迅的上述作品,你会深受感动的。 A. If you read the works by Lu Xun as mentioned above, you will be moved greatly. B. If you read Lu Xun’s works above, you will be moved greatly.

5、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 她是一位善良和蔼的青年教师。 A. She is a very kind and amiable young teacher. B. She is a young teacher who is very kind and amiable.

6、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 由于他患了重感冒,所以没来。 A.He has not come because of his bad cold. B.He has not come because he has had a bad cold.

7、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 他不是故意伤害她。 A.He did not mean to hurt her on purpose. B.He did not mean to hurt her.

8、下面哪个句子表达更简洁?请在下方填写 A 或 B。 他声称他的那幅画是独一无二的。 A.He claimed that his painting was unique in the world. B.He claimed that his painting was unique.

8.3 句子的简洁随堂测验

1、判断下列句子中哪一个表达最清晰简洁。
    A、He moved astonishingly fast.
    B、The rapidity with which he moved astonished us.
    C、His movements astonished us with their rapidity.
    D、null

2、判断下列句子中哪一个表达最清晰简洁。
    A、He is handsome in appearance and wealthy in possessions.
    B、He is handsome, and he is also wealthy.
    C、He is handsome and wealthy.
    D、null

3、判断下列句子中哪一个表达最清晰简洁。
    A、He switched careers many times in his life, switching from accounting to painting, then eventually to medicine from that.
    B、He switched careers many times in his life, first from accounting to painting,and eventually to medicine.
    C、He switched careers many times in his life, switching from accounting to painting, and to medicine.
    D、null

4、判断下列句子中哪一个表达最清晰简洁。
    A、The most popular painting in the exhibit of works by local artists was done by a seventy-year-old woman, who painted an exquisite self-portrait of herself.
    B、The most popular painting in the exhibit of works by local artists was an exquisite self-portrait of a seventy-year-old woman.
    C、The most popular painting in the exhibit of works by local artists was done by a seventy-year-old woman, and it is her own exquisite self-portrait.
    D、null

5、判断下列句子中哪一个表达最清晰简洁。
    A、In the event that the survey results confirm the assumptions that we made, there will be a change implemented by us in our advertising.
    B、Having the survey results confirm our assumptions will lead to advertising changes by us.
    C、If the survey results confirm our assumptions, we will change our advertising.
    D、null

8.4 如何表达强调随堂测验

1、判断下列句子中哪一个更具有强调的效果。若为A则在下方填写A,若为B则在下方填写B。 A. The trees are tall and strong and they have survived another severe winter. B. Tall and strong, the trees have survived another severe winter.

2、判断下列句子中哪一个更具有强调的效果。若为A则在下方填写A,若为B则在下方填写B。 A. Seldom have I read an article that was so full of lies. B. I have seldom read an article that was so full of lies.

3、判断下列句子中哪一个更具有强调的效果。若为A则在下方填写A,若为B则在下方填写B。 A. We are living in a dangerous age that is marked by biological warfare and atomic bombs. B. We are living in a dangerous age, an age marked by biological warfare and atomic bombs.

4、判断下列句子中哪一个更具有强调的效果。若为A则在下方填写A,若为B则在下方填写B。 A. You’ve grown up in a society where winning is the most important thing. B. You’ve grown up in a society where winning is not the most important thing— it’s the only thing.

5、判断下列句子中哪一个更具有强调的效果。若为A则在下方填写A,若为B则在下方填写B。 A. I remember wearing that ring with a pride that nothing in the world could surpass. B. I remember wearing that ring with a healthy does of pride.

6、判断下列句子中哪一个更具有强调的效果。若为A则在下方填写A,若为B则在下方填写B。 A. You should ask what you can do for your country, but not ask what your country can do for you. B. Don’t ask what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.

8.5 句子的多样性随堂测验

1、(1) Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee met on April 9, 1865. (2) Their meeting place was the parlor of a modest house at Appomattox Court House, Virginia. (3) They met to work out the terms for the surrender of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. (4) One great chapter of American life ended with their meeting. (5) And another great chapter began.(6) Grant and Lee were bringing the Civil War to its virtual finish.(7) Other armies still had to surrender.(8) And the fugitive Confederate government would struggle desperately and vainly. (9) It would try to find some way to go on living with its chief support gone. (10) Grant and Lee had signed the papers. (11) However, it was all over in effect. 上述段落由11个简单句构成,多为主语开头的10词左右短句,句式单调,信息间的相互关系被割裂。请根据段落内容将下面的句子和分句排序,构成语义连贯的段落,并体会两个版本在句子类型、句长、句子开头等方面多样性的差别。(例:若认为答案为abcdef,则在下方填写abcdef) a. a great chapter in American life came to a close, and a great new chapter began. b. To be sure, other armies had yet to surrender, c. These men were bringing the Civil War to its virtual finish. d. When Ulysses S. Grant and Robert E. Lee met in the parlor of a modest house at Appomattox Court House, Virginia, on April 9, 1865, to work out the terms for the surrender of Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, e. and for a few days the fugitive Confederate government would struggle desperately and vainly, trying to find some way to go on living now that its chief support was gone. f. but in effect it was all over when Grant and Lee signed the papers.

第九章 修辞(一)

9.1 一目了然的明喻随堂测验

1、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) He looked as if he hadjust stepped out of my book of fairytales and had passed me like a spirit.

2、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) Money is a like a bottomless sea, in which honor, conscience, and truth may be drowned.

3、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) She is a woman with a stony heart.

4、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) as poor as a church mouse.

5、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) Wind and rain now whipped the house.

6、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) She was my worst nightmare.

7、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) The wind sounded like the roar of a train passing a few yards away.

8、请判断下面的这些句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法。(明喻填S,暗喻填M) Life is one long, scary roller coaster.

9.3 栩栩如生的拟人随堂测验

1、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) China will always do what she has promised to do. A. she B. promised

2、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) His words were bitingly sarcastic. A. bitingly B. sarcastic

3、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) The stubborn door won’t open. A. stubborn B. open

4、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) Love is blind. A. love B. blind

5、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) Procrastination is the thief of time. A. thief B. time

6、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) The moon is riding in the sky. A. riding B. sky

7、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) The flowers nodded in the breeze. A. breeze B. nodded

8、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) Did you see the anger of the tempest? A. anger B. tempest

9、请找出下面句子中使用拟人修辞手法的词(若为A则填A,若为B则填B) The year 1871 witnessed the heroic uprising of the Paris. A.uprising B.witnessed

第十章 修辞(二)

10.1 寓意深邃的典故随堂测验

1、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) Shylock A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

2、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) an Uncle Tom A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

3、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) Phoenix A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

4、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) Caesar A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

5、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) Utopia A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

6、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) bell the cat A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

7、请为下面的典故找到它的引申意义(例,若为A,则在下方填写A) straight from the horse’s mouth A. a meek person, B. a cruel, greedy, money-grabbing person C. bold, willing to take risks D. a symbol of immortality E. an unrealistic perfect world F. trustworthy and reliable G. tyrant, dictator

10.2 言过其实的夸张随堂测验

1、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? Carlos Lehder was to cocaine transportation what Henry Ford was to cars.
    A、metaphor
    B、simile
    C、allusion
    D、pun

2、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? He said he had had no connection with any other woman.
    A、understatement
    B、euphemism
    C、metaphor
    D、irony

3、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? My car was very stubborn this morning. She refused to start.
    A、personification
    B、metonymy
    C、simile
    D、cliché

4、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? I’ve told you about this at least a million times but you’re still so ignorant!
    A、simile
    B、metaphor
    C、hyperbole
    D、understatement

5、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? He would be an excellent candidate for the position. But he’s got an Achilles Hell, his bad temper.
    A、allusion
    B、parody
    C、innuendo
    D、metaphor

6、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? If you wish to succeed, you should use persistence as your good friends, experience as your reference, and prudence as your brother.
    A、antithesis
    B、hyperbole
    C、parallelism
    D、irony

7、请选择下面的句子使用了哪种修辞手法? I sandwiched myself between two fat men on the bus.
    A、metonymy
    B、understatement
    C、irony
    D、metaphor

期末考试

《基础英语写作》期末考试

1、Which of the following sentences has a misplaced modifier?
    A、He only talks about changing his habits. [Intended meaning: He only talks but does nothing else, like consulting a physician or psychiatrist, about changing his habits.]
    B、A dog appeared in my dreams that sang like an angel.
    C、The steak on the grill is hers.
    D、none of the above

2、Which of the following sentences has a misplaced modifier?
    A、The dog bit only the mail carrier. [Intended meaning: The dog bit the mail carrier but didn't bite anyone else.]
    B、He talked too quickly.
    C、You should consider your options carefully.
    D、none of the above

3、Which of the following sentences has a misplaced modifier?
    A、Most stress disorders can be effectively treated with this medicine.
    B、The symptoms of Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) include fever, cough, and shortness of breath.
    C、Good dictionaries will not have obscure medical terminology.
    D、none of the above

4、选择下列句子的结构图 As I lunged toward my seat, passengers looked up at me with the stricken expressions of creatures who know they are about to die.
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

5、选择下列句子的结构图 He had a really striking face with amazingly piercing green eyes, although, looking closer, I could tell that he must have been in a fight or an accident because there were scratches on his face and legs.
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

6、选择下列句子的结构图 If we take steps toward coral reef conservation, it is likely that these tiny creatures, which survived natural threats for millions of years, will be able to rebuild the reefs that so much ocean life depends on.
    A、
    B、
    C、
    D、

7、请找出下列句中划线单词拼写形式有错误的单词。 The laws for search and siezure relate to the Fourth Amendment.
    A、laws
    B、search
    C、siezure
    D、Fourth

8、请找出下列句中划线单词拼写形式有错误的单词。 Protien is a necessary nutrient for growth.
    A、Protien
    B、necessary
    C、nutrient
    D、growth

9、请找出下列句中划线单词拼写形式有错误的单词。 I think my anxeity will be relieved if I receive your note earlier.
    A、anxeity
    B、relieved
    C、receive
    D、earlier

10、请找出下列句中划线单词拼写形式有错误的单词。 The yeild on the one-year certificate of deposit is 5.2 percent.
    A、yeild
    B、certificate
    C、deposit
    D、percent

11、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 Who asked “why did he fail?”

12、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 He was not feeling good; however, he still went to work.

13、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 He asked who closed the door?

14、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 I am not a fan of onions; moreover this course smells strange to me.

15、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 There were twenty boys (or twenty-two?) in Class One.

16、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 How ?!

17、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 How can I ever thank you enough?

18、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 The monkey got the banana; climbed back to the tree.

19、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 I finished my work; he finished his and Tom’s.

20、请判断下列英语句子中标点符号是否使用正确。 He is a highly respected teacher.

21、请改正下列不正确的缩写形式或数字书写形式。 N.A.S.A. headquarters are located in Washington, D.C.

22、请改正下列不正确的缩写形式或数字书写形式。 A total of six two-man crews of Amer. astronauts landed on the moon between 1969 and 1972.

23、请改正下列不正确的缩写形式或数字书写形式。 The moon is roughly 1/4, or 25 percent,the size of the earth.

24、请判断下列句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法(例:明喻填S;暗喻填M) as poor as a church mouse.

25、请判断下列句子使用的是明喻还是暗喻的修辞手法(例:明喻填S;暗喻填M) Life is one long, scary roller coaster.